Calgary sits in the sunny eastern foothills of Canada’s Rocky Mountains, where the Bow and Elbow rivers meet. In Alberta,Canada.
The Calgary area was inhabited by pre-Clovis people whose presence has been traced back at least 11,000 years. The area has been inhabited by the Niitsitapi (Blackfoot Confederacy; Siksika, Kainai, Piikani), îyârhe Nakoda, the Tsuut'ina First Nations peoples and Métis Nation, . As Mayor Naheed Nenshi describes, "There have always been people here. In Biblical times there were people here. For generations beyond number, people have come here to this land, drawn here by the water. They come here to hunt and fish; to trade; to live; to love; to have great victories; to taste bitter disappointment; but above all to engage in that very human act of building community."
In 1787, cartographer David Thompson spent the winter with a band of Peigan encamped along the Bow River. He was a Hudson's Bay Company trader and the first recorded European to visit the area. John Glenn was the first documented European settler in the Calgary area, in 1873.
In 1875, the North-West Mounted Police erected Fort Calgary in an effort to police the area.
In 1875, the site became a post of the North-West Mounted Police (now the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or RCMP). The NWMP detachment was assigned to protect the western plains from US whisky traders, and to protect the fur trade. Originally named Fort Brisebois, after NWMP officer Éphrem-A. Brisebois, it was renamed Fort Calgary in 1876 by Colonel James Macleod.
When the Canadian Pacific Railway reached the area in 1883, and a rail station was constructed, Calgary began to grow into an important commercial and agricultural centre. Over a century later, the Canadian Pacific Railway headquarters moved to Calgary from Montreal in 1996. Calgary was officially incorporated as a town in 1884, and elected its first mayor, George Murdoch. In 1894, it was incorporated as "The City of Calgary" in what was then the North-West Territories.The Calgary Police Service was established in 1885 and assumed municipal, local duties from the NWMP.
In 1914, just before the outbreak of the First World War, huge reserves of oil were discovered just outside of town.
Calgary was named after Calgary on the Isle of Mull, Scotland, United Kingdom. In turn, the name originates from a compound of kald and gart, similar Old Norse words, meaning "cold" and "garden", likely used when named by the Vikings who inhabited the Inner Hebrides. Alternatively, the name might be Gaelic Cala ghearraidh, meaning "beach of the meadow (pasture)", or Gaelic for either "clear running water" or "bay farm".
The city had a population of 1,285,711 in 2019, making it Alberta's largest city and Canada's third-largest municipality. Also in 2016, Calgary had a metropolitan population of 1,392,609, making it the fourth-largest census metropolitan area(CMA) in Canada.
Naheed Nenshi, a Muslim and 39 years old, was the first Muslim to become a mayor in Canada, garnering 28,000 votes more than his closest competitor.
Calgary receives an average of 2600 hours of sun per year. This makes it the sunniest city in Canada. If you do not like the cold, perhaps you need to shift countries/cities and live in Calgary.
Calgary is a mountain-high city, and the climate - directly related to the altitude - is dry. Temperatures are mild, especially when compared to most of Canada, and even when it’s cold, it’s usually sunny.
The warm wind of Calgary (Chinook) can raise the temperatures from a low of 5 degrees centigrade to highs of 15 degrees centigrade in a matter of hours.
Year around there is something exciting happing in the city. One of the most famous events is The Calgary Stampede, held every year for 10 days, is the largest outdoor event in the world. It features First Nations Exhibits, world’s largest rodeo, concerts, stage shows, a midway, chuck wagon racing, agricultural competitions and a parade. The event attracts over 1 million attendees.
In the city there are numerous things to see and do here are some of them:
. Calgary Zoo
. Heritage park
. Calgary tower
. Canada olympic park
. Prince’s Island park
. Fish creek provincial park
. The hangar flight museum
. Fort calgary
. The military museum
. Spruce meadows
. Devonian gardens
And many more...
If you choose to go out of the city Banff national park is just an hour drive from the city and on the way you can stop at many beautiful lakes.You can also take the Rocky Mountains railroad for a stunning site seeing.
Calgary is beautiful with its people, vibes and heart. If you’ve never been to the city, you should plan a trip soon you will never regret it.