The word Garnet comes from the Latin word “granatum” which means “seed like” in reference to pomegranate.
Garnet is the traditional birthstone of those born in January.
Most garnet found near Earth's surface forms when a sedimentary rock with a high aluminum content, such as shale, is subjected to heat and pressure intense
enough to produce schist or gneiss. Garnet is also found in the rocks of contact metamorphism, subsurface magma chambers, lava flows, deep-source volcanic eruptions, and the soils and sediments formed when garnet-bearing rocks are weathered and eroded.
“Bohemia, now a part of Czechoslovakia, was once a tremendous source of garnet, and at one time, cutting, polishing, and mounting garnets was a very rich industry in that country. Many Bohemian castles and churches had magnificent interiors decorated with garnet. Bohemian garnets are famous even today, known for their small but beautiful stones set close to each other resembling a pomegranate. Garnet jewelry is still found in the Czech Republic, with the stones stellar ranged in the traditional, tightly joined way. This ensures that the attraction of the classical Garnet pieces is caused only by the beauty of its stones. The Anglo-Saxons were also fond of garnets. Their jewelry was set with garnets mounted in many forms.“
In Egypt more than five thousand years ago, Ancient Egyptians appreciated Garnet fiery beauty. Garnet gemstones were used extensively in jewelry for the pharaohs and were placed in Egyptian tombs to be enjoyed in the afterlife..
They were used in Sumeria around 2100 B.C. and in Sweden between 1000 and 2000 B.C. They were also popular in ancientGreek and Roman civilizations, Ancient Romans traded the precious gemstones and carved the red mineral rocks into signet rings used to seal documents. Large garnet rocks were carved out to use as vessels that would hold up to a pint.
According to the Talmud, the only light on Noah's ark was provided by a large Garnet.
Red garnet gemstones were worn for protection and used as weapons by Asiatic tribes. They believed the garnet color's similarity to the color of blood would protect them from wounds and make their weapons more deadly.
Garnet balances energy, bringing serenity or passion as appropriate, and can inspire love and balance the sex drive. Garnet is considered a lucky stone, for love, success, and for business relationships. It helps you let go of old behaviour patterns and boosts self-confidence.
Garnet is also a known as a Stone of Commitment - to purpose, to others, and to oneself.
Garnet can be your powerful tool to restore the love that’s missing in your relationship.
It has the power to purify the energies in your body by getting rid of the toxins and restoring your body to its revitalized and re-energized state.
Garnet helps to regain the spirit, calming sadness and emotional pain, helping those who have gone through great despair get back on their feet and become seductive again.
Garnet is an excellent gemstone to regulate blood circulation in body. It also cures the blood deficiency and related diseases.
It has the property to reduce the chances of hemorrhages and inflammation while it stimulates the hemoglobin count.
Garnet is an excellent stone for meditation and for attaining cosmic consciousness. It can help you connect with your spirit guide sand tap into higher spiritual energies easier.
According to GIA ; Warm soapy water is always safe for cleaning garnets. The ultrasonic cleaner is usually safe except for stonest hat have fractures. Steam cleaning is not recommended.
. Please remember that gemstones are not a substitute for medical advice, you should always talk to your doctor or health providers if you have any medical concerns.
Mookaite Jasper, or Mookaite (Chert), carries a predominantly reddish-rose color, marbled or striped with bands of yellow, cream, tan, white or brown; named for the Mooka Creek area in Western Australia where it is mined. Mookaite is an Aboriginal Mother Earth stone known for its healing and connection with the positive energy currents of the Earth. It increases life force in the physical body, and promotes an ageless spirit willing to accept change and seek new experiences. It awakens the energy of one’s own instinct, and is an excellent stone for pregnant parents to communicate with their unborn child
Ocean Jasper, also called Sea Jasper, is rare Orbicular Jasper collected from the remote shores of northwestern Madagascar and can only be mined at low tide; it is sometimes referred to as The Atlantis Stone. Its multi-colored circles, contour lines, and bands of opaque stone are interspersed with druse, and spiritually represent the interconnectedness of all things. It carries a gentle nurturing energy that, when used regularly, assists in developing self-love and empathy for others. Its orbicular pattern facilitates circular breathing and enhances meditation. Ocean Jasper may be used to connect to Atlantis and unlock the mystic knowledge held within the stone.
Orbicular Jasper describes several varieties of Jasper displaying perfect circles throughout the stone that create its focal point, and usually its dominant color. Its flow of energy is steady, and encourages patience and the acceptance of responsibility. A helpful stone for getting things done, it is particularly conducive to pursuits based on service. The circular markings resonate with circular breathing and make a wonderful transition aid in meditation. Orbicular patterns are most prominent in Ocean or Sea Jasper, Leopardskin Jasper, and Poppy Jasper.
Egyptian Jasper - Form of Orbicular Jasper with white and gray circles on a red background. It is found as rounded pebbles on the beaches of Egypt. A similar Jasper is found on the beaches of Washington state and sometimes also labelled as Eg.
Picasso Jasper often resembles a beautiful painting. It is a stone that reminds us to celebrate and enjoy life. Picasso Jasper assists in the transformation of relationships. It attracts like minded people who become loyal and trusted friends, as well as helping to renew old friendships that had been lost. It has strong grounding and calming qualities and helps to engender strength and self-discipline. Picasso Jasper is useful for eye problems and can promote weight-loss.
Typical colours - brown with black and dark brown markings
Picture Jasper encourages ecological awareness, bringing stability and balance. It contains a message and/or “picture” from the past.
It is said to be the Earth Mother speaking to her children. Picture Jasper is a stone of proportion and harmony and stimulates creative visualization. It helps to bring hidden thoughts and feelings - griefs, fears, guilt, envy, love, hope - to the surface, to be released. Brings comfort and alleviates fear. Picture Jasper stimulates the immune system and helps treat disorders of the skin and kidneys.
An excellent stone for creative vision, initiative and boosting confidence, it is an ideal aid for starting one’s own business. Wear for long periods of time to bring hidden thoughts, grief, fears, and hopes to the surface for examination
Rainforest Jasper is opaque Jasper in dominant shades of moss green and white, swirled with veins of earthy hues. It is a stone of connection to the Earth and living things, and honours the highest spiritual teachings from Nature. It awakens a sense of joy at life’s simplicity, and carries a healing, invigorating energy of hope and renewal. It is a marvellous stone for Earth-healing and working with the divic realm, and may also be used in retrieving knowledge of herbal-healing from the far past, especially wisdom passed through one’s ancestral matriarchs
Red Jasper is red to terracotta brown, sometimes mixed with other minerals. A stone of physical strength and energy, Red Jasper stimulates gently and steadily, enhancing stamina and endurance, and increasing the amount of chi, or life force, in one’s aura. It is a stone of health and passion, and brings the courage to face unpleasant tasks and to rectify unjust situations.
Red Jasper is gently stimulating and also an extremely protective stone. It can neutralize radiation and other forms of environmental and electromagnetic pollution. Red Jasper rectifies unjust situations and grounds energy. Brings problems to light and provides insights into difficult situations. An excellent “worry bead”, Red Jasper calms the emotions. Aids in dream recall. Cleans and stabilizes the aura. A stone of health, Red Jasper strengthens and detoxifies the circulatory system, blood and liver.
Royal Plume Jasper, also called Purple Jasper or Plum Jasper, forms in shades of purple with plume-like markings. This is a noble Jasper of spiritual wisdom and is conducive to working with archangels or deity figures from different cultures. It also makes a great power stone for studying a formal spiritual path, healing tradition, or training for mediumship. Stimulating the Crown Chakra, this stone creates an aura of wisdom and authority, and can enhance one’s status and power. It assists in preserving one’s dignity, and helps reduce contradictions that make decision-making or clear action difficult. It calms the emotional body, increases memory skills, and has the ability to focus multiple energies together for a single purpos
Unakite Jasper is a combination of Red Jasper and Epidote solidly bound together, and is the crystal of harmonious relationships. Its pink and green colors balance aspects of the heart, lifts spirits when one is down, and helps to release deep-seated emotions in a slow and gentle way. It promotes patience and persistence, and gradually eliminates bad habits and the thoughts and patterns that perpetuate them. It is a great stone for children’s sensitive emotions, and is particularly good for helping them bounce back from sorrow, grief or disappointment. This stone is wonderful for anyone who feels a little lost, overwhelmed, or has trouble focusing on the here and now
Yellow Jasper is mustard, sandy or burnished yellow with subtle flow patterns or veining. It is a stone of endurance, perseverance and tenacity, and shields against others’ negativity. Worn for long periods of time, it eases chronic worries and builds self-confidence, attracting others for friendship or to help with a goal. It supports steady learning, and transmits healing and empowering Earth energies, especially when meditating outdoors. It is a nurturing stone, helping to calm the nerves and emotions.Yellow Jasper aids disorders of the stomach and digestive system, helps to relieve bloating and is effective in the promotion of tissue regeneration.
It is also called Black Veined Jasper, is also known as "Spider Web Jasper" and sometimes called "Zebra Stone", because of its weblike or striped markings. It is a grounding and stabilizing stone.
Zebra Jasper is a stone that brings contentment. It helps you to have compassion and understanding for others. It provides you with courage and motivation, helping you to face the challenges and to solve the problems you may have in life. It gives you the determination needed to see things through. Zebra Jasper stimulates physical energy, providing stamina and endurance, making it a wonderful stone for athletes. It can also help to alleviate muscle spasms, heart palpitations, and vitamin deficiencies
Jasper is superb for healing and sustaining the physical and emotional bodies during injury, prolonged illness or hospitalization.
Its Earth energies bring gradual strength and renewed vitality, while helping one to understand and endure these frustrating or painful experiences.
The energy that jasper provides is full of warmth. This stone helps you stay committed and determined without exhausting yourself or ruining your health. Jasper creates a full circle around your body in which both the yin (feminine), as well as the yang (masculine) energies, are balanced and supportive of each other.
The Jasper Stone is known as the Nurturing Stone. Having it in your life will feel like having a best friend by your side because it will sustain you during times of stress.
The Jasper Stone is a stone of gentleness, comfort, and relaxation. It will be very beneficial for people who are experiencing burnout from work or from something personal.
Jasper Stone will encourage honesty, trust, and faithfulness in your relationship. It will not feel forced, and it will be just what your relationship needs!
It’s the perfect stone to have inside your home when you want to have more energy and vitality, as well as peace and harmony.
The Jasper Stone is perfect as necklaces, bracelets, rings, and even belts. Wearing them on a regular basis will help ground you while surrounding yourself with positivity.
Decorating your space with jasper will attract positive energy and reduces stress.
Shop Jasper stone here.
The name Jasper means "spotted or speckled stone", and is derived via Old French and Latin from Greek and from an Afroasiatic language
Known as the “Supreme Nurturer,” Jasper is a stone of grounding and stability, providing comfort and security, strength and healing. Its presence balances the aura to a level of wholeness and peace, and acts as a reminder that one is not here on the physical plane simply for oneself, but to bring joy and substance to others.
Jasper is known to have been a favourite gem in the ancient world; On Minoan Crete, jasper was carved to produce seals circa 1800 BC, as evidenced by archaeological recoveries at the palace of Knossos.
Egyptians used various types of jasper as healing amulets, using them to cure a wide array of ailments.
Early medical practitioners believed jasper stones could be used to call the rain.
Jasper stones have long been tied to agricultural pursuits.
Different varieties are said to encourage a good harvest.
There are several variety names for Jasper generally used by collectors and dealers, but there is also an abundance of variety names that are made up by dealers to describe a locality or other habit.
I tried to list all types of jasper I found on the net:
Black Jasper, or Basanite, is a flinty form, one of the rarer Jaspers. Black Jasper is also known as "Blackstone". It empowers supreme physical and mental efforts, and is highly shielding against curses, threats, and danger in high risk occupations. In polished form, it is an excellent scrying stone for discerning what is hidden.
Black Jasper is a highly protective stone that is excellent for grounding the energies of one who may be experiencing spaciness. It can help in connecting one's higher vibrations to the earth. Black Jasper is useful in relieving pain and helps stomach ailments and foot problems.
Blue Jasper forms in various shades of blue, often swirled with dark patches or veining, and is sometimes artificially treated to enhance the color. Linked with nobility of spirit and purpose, it imparts the courage to speak out against injustice and to risk unpopularity to defend the vulnerable. It is the perfect anti-stress stone for those in charge of others’ well-being, and for older children and teenagers to carry to resist being led into unwise behaviour or risky situations.
Brecciated Jasper (Jasper containing Hematite), is predominantly brick red, veined or patterned with brown, black and beige, often with clear crystal inclusions..Brecciated Jasper is a particularly good grounding stone which can assist those who feel overwhelmed. It can enhance organizational abilities whilst helping in developing creativity. Brecciated Jasper encourages empathy and communication with animals and can help with allergies to animals and in general. It absorbs negative energy and promotes health, healing and recovery from illnes
Red Brecciated Jasper is often called "Poppy Jasper". Poppy Jasper is a variation of Brecciated Jasper characterized by orbicular patterns of bright red “poppies” amid mottled shades of brown, black, yellow or white. A joyful stone associated with poppies and remembrance, Poppy Jasper brings cheerfulness and vitality, reminding humanity to help one another. This stone can be gently stimulating, or fiery in passion and intensity as needed. It provides the impetus for variety and new experiences, and encourages the development of fresh ideas.
Brown Jasper ranges from deep chocolate brown, gold- to reddish-brown, to tan or ivory, and is characterized by artful banding, flow patterns and veining. It includes some specific formations such as Picture Jasper, Bruneau Jasper, and Bat Cave Jasper. Brown Jasper is connected to the Earth and encourages a deep ecological awareness. It brings stability and balance, and is particularly grounding as a worry stone, or for dissolving a sudden rush of fear, anger, or panic. It facilitates deep meditation and centring, and grants access to past lives for karmic healing.
Dalmatian Jasper, also known as "Dalmatian Stone", is pale grey, cream or beige-brown with dark spots and resembles the coat of a Dalmatians a grounding stone, in terms of with the Earth and in reality. It removes disillusionment, helping one to see their strengths and weaknesses more clearly. Dalmatian Jasper brings a sense of fun to one's life and helps to increase loyalty in relationships. . It is a protective and healing stone, fortifying the spirit and encouraging a sense of playfulness. It counters disillusionment, cynicism and skepticism, strengthens family bonds and long-term friendships, and has a calming influence for children and animals
Dalmatian Jasper is a stone that aids you to break down barriers that you have created as protection around yourself.
It purifies the blood and boosts the immune system.
An excellent anti-smoking crystal, Dalmatian Stone strengthens the resolve to quit smoking and provides the determination needed to succeed.
You can carry your Dalmatian Jasper with you inside your purse, or you can wear it as jewelry.
You can also place it in the different corners of your home to invite more positive energies in.
Fancy Jasper it is also called Rainbow Jasper,
Colors variations from brown, red, orange, yellow, green, white and lilac.
Fancy Jasper intensifies and lightens the feeling of well-being, helping one to lighten up and enjoy themselves more, yet in a subtle way. It can relieve fear, frustration and guilt, building an inner strength and confidence.It is a particularly good stone for bringing energies of wholeness and healing to an environment or situation.
Fancy Jasper is also known as the Stone of Tranquility.
It has the ability to make you focus and increase your concentration when there are so many things going on in your life.
It will help bring calm to your overactive emotions so that clear and rational thoughts and ideas can come through.
Fancy Jasper is a supreme nurturer that will support you during the most stressful times and hold you up when you feel like you will come crashing down.
This stone will make you more assertive when it comes to going after what you want in love. It will give you the strength of heart and mind so that you can make the best decisions.
Wear a piece of Fancy Jasper or carry it around with you to relieve you of your stress and induce a state of relaxation and tranquility.
Green Jasper, though a component of many of the multi-coloured Jaspers, is most rare and prized when it forms as a single green colour. It ranges from pale spring green to a deep tea or olive green, and has been revered since antiquity for its powers to soothe the spirit, banish ghosts and evil thoughts, increase fertility, and bring in rain. Green Jasper also balances obsessive tendencies and restores harmony to the emotional body, allowing one to gain control over thoughts. It is the ultimate sleep stone
Green Jasper is a stone of balance that heals and releases disease and obsession. It boosts the immune system and detoxifies all the body’s systems. Protects against pollution. Green Jasper treats skin disorders and dispels bloating. It heals ailments of the upper torso, the digestive tract, and the purifying organs.
Kambaba Jasper, sometimes called Green Stromatolite Jasper,
is also known as Crocodile Jasper. contains swirls and orbs of deep green and black; one of the more exotic Jaspers. It contains the earliest records of life on Earth, fossilized algae and other primeval microorganisms, and is a marvellous stone for bringing peace and tranquility to troubled minds. It strengthens those whose hearts have been deeply hurt, and provides grounding and protection in ancient places when tuning in to the people who once lived there.
It calms the mind and promotes feelings of peace. Kambaba Jasper reduces fear and increases your self worth, bringing inspiration and courage. It brings wisdom and the ability to get along with others. It is a stone that is extremely good for seeing and interpreting auras and helps with access to the akashic records. Kambaba Jasper helps with the assimilation of vitamins and minerals and in cleansing the body of toxins. It boosts the immune system.
Imperial Jasper reinforces the strength of the emotional torso, relieves stress by producing a relaxed constancy.
Imperial Jasper aids in quick thinking and promotes a well organizational abilities and completing the projects in time. It is useful in the prolonged illness and reenergizes the body.
It helps the carrier to resolve the mysteries of life.
Imperial jasper conveys the sense of wholeness in the opinion of its bearer
It lightens up the life by removing the mundane facts of world.
Leopard Skin Jasper
Leopardskin Jasper is Orbicular Jasper, usually in dominant shades of green or orange, with dark leopard-like banding and glassy inclusions. It reflects the duality between dark and light, teaching one to recognize dark as a complement to light rather than the opposite. This is a shamanic shape-shifter’s stone, helpful in journeying and getting in touch with one’s power animal. Leopardskin also strengthens the sense of self, attracting the right energies into one’s life to heal and move beyond past traumas, while being guided to new opportunities.
To be continued....
The Rocky Mountains are a major mountain range located in western North America.
The Rocky Mountains stretch 3,000 km in straight-line distance from the northernmost part of British Columbia, in western Canada, to New Mexico in the Southwestern United States.
Located within the North American Cordillera, the Rockies are distinct from the Pacific Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, and the Sierra Nevada, which all lie farther to the west.
“In the south, an older mountain range was formed 300 million years ago, then eroded away. The rocks of that older range were reformed into the Rocky Mountains. The Rocky Mountains took shape during an intense period of plate tectonic activity that resulted in much of the rugged landscape of the western North America.”
The name of the mountains is a translation of an Amerindian name that is closely related to Algonquian; the Cree name as-sin-wati is given as, "When seen from across the prairies, they looked like a rocky mass".
The first mention of their present name by a European was in the journal of Jacques Legardeur de Saint-Pierre in 1752, where they were called "Montagnes de Roche".
Since the last great ice age, the Rocky Mountains were home first to indigenous peoples including the Apache, Arapaho, Bannock, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Crow Nation, Flathead, Shoshone, Sioux, Ute, Kutenai (Ktunaxa in Canada), Sekani, Dunne-za, and others.
Paleo-Indians hunted the now-extinct mammoth and ancient bison (an animal 20% larger than modern bison) in the foothills and valleys of the mountains.
The Rocky Mountains include at least 100 separate ranges, which are generally divided into four broad groupings: the Canadian Rockies and Northern Rockies of Montana and northeastern Idaho; the Middle Rockies of Wyoming, Utah, and southeastern Idaho; the Southern Rockies, mainly in Colorado and New Mexico; and the Colorado Plateau in the Four Corners region of Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona.
The Canadian Rockies are the easternmost part of the Canadian Cordillera, the collective name for the mountains of Western Canada. They form part of the American Cordillera, an essentially continuous sequence of mountain ranges that runs all the way from Alaska to the very tip of South America.
The Cordillera, in turn, is the eastern part of the Pacific Ring of Fire that runs all the way around the Pacific Ocean.
The Canadian Rockies are bounded on the east by the Canadian Prairies, on the west by the Rocky Mountain Trench, and on the north by the Liard River.
North of the Liard River, the Mackenzie Mountains, which are a distinct mountain range, form a portion of the border between the Yukon and the Northwest Territories.
The mountain ranges to the west of the Rocky Mountain Trench in southern British Columbia are called the Columbia Mountains, and are not considered to be part of the Rockies by Canadian geologists.
Five national parks are located within the Canadian Rockies, four of which are adjacent and make up the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks. These four parks are Banff, Jasper, Kootenay and Yoho. The fifth national park, Waterton is not adjacent to the others. Waterton lies farther south, straddling the Canada–US border as the Canadian half of the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park. All five of these parks, combined with three British Columbia provincial parks, were declared a single UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984 for the unique mountain landscapes found there.
Numerous provincial parks are located in the Canadian Rockies, including Hamber, Mount Assiniboine and Mount Robson parks.
Throughout the Rockies, and especially in the national parks, the Alpine Club of Canada maintains a series of alpine huts for use by mountaineers and adventurers.
In 1901, the Canadian Pacific Railway built Lake Agnes Tea House as a hiker’s refuge, perched at 7,000 feet in a hanging valley above Lake Louise. Since 1905, hikers and horseback riders have been able to enjoy pots of loose-leaf tea and freshly baked banana bread while taking in stunning views of Lake Agnes. With no roads serving this mountaintop spot, staff members hike in and out with supplies and trash on their backs. Once a year, a helicopter drops off some 10,000 pounds of flour, sugar, propane, and other dry goods—a feat that takes 20 to 30 trips over the course of one busy day.
The Canadian Rockies experience a highland climate, characterized by warm summer days with long hours of sunshine, and cold, crisp winters when snow covers the ground from November to March.
The Rocky Mountains are an important habitat for a great deal of wildlife, such as elk, moose, mule and white-tailed deer, pronghorn, mountain goats, bighorn sheep, badgers, black bears, grizzly bears, wolves, coyotes, lynx, and wolverines along with a great variety of small mammals, fish, reptiles and amphibians and over 300 species of birds.
Most of the mountain range now is protected by National Park status. This is to stop the area being damaged and built on. Most of the parks are popular with tourists for hiking, cycling and fishing in the summer and skiing and winter sports in the winter.
Stunning nature, breathtaking views, miscellaneous wildlife and above all a rich history. Your next adventure has to be in the Rockies.
Through the years people believed in the power of the gemstones and used or wore them as protection or healing elements.
Nowadays people may still believe in the powers of the gemstones or just wear them as an accessory.
Whether you are a believer or an amateur you will enjoy these interesting information about the birthstones.
The history of birthstones can be traced at its earliest to the Bible. First century historian Flavius Josephus connected the twelve stones of the Breastplate of Aaron as described in the Book of Exodus to the twelve sings of the zodiac and to the twelve months of the year.
Most commonly in the Western world a birthstone represents a month of the Gregorian calendar.
In 1912, the National Association of Jewelers defined the modern day list of birthstones and the list has remained unchanged. Today, there are separate lists of birthstones ; the “traditional” list have been available for use for the past 500 years. The “modern” list of birthstones boasts gems that have only been widely available for the past 100 or so years. Because there are numerous gemstones available for use today, birthstones are often categorized according to color instead of specific stones.
In the East there are other interpretations and listings of birthstones that don't relate to the biblical breastplate. Those are most notably the Mythical Birthstone List, which is of Tibetan origin and goes back well over one thousand years, and the Ayurvedic Birthstone List, which dates back to around 1500 BC and relates to Ayurvedic Indian medicine.
The Hebrew Birthstone list is one of the ancient traditional lists; others include Roman, Arabic, and Hindu.
The Polish custom of wearing birthstones was somewhat different. Rather than wearing their own unique birthstone, Polish people tended to own a set of 12 birthstones. As expensive and romantic as that may seem, one set would cover each month of the year and people would wear their birthstones according to the date, regardless of their own date of birth.
Many cultures have believed that birthstones have magical healing powers or bring good luck. Not all cultures have agreed on which stones correspond to which months, though, so you can find different lists of birthstones over the course of time.
This table we are attaching has the modern, traditional, mystical, Ayurvedic, Hebrew and planetary stone lists, in addition of the sun sign for each month and the zodiac stone for each month, too.
This table was created by mamaminirals.
I found also this table which allows you to choose your birthstone according to your birth day.
It was so much exciting putting together these information.
Gemstones always astonishing me, I believe that everything was created for a reason and we should get the most of everything around us in the best way we can.
Calgary sits in the sunny eastern foothills of Canada’s Rocky Mountains, where the Bow and Elbow rivers meet. In Alberta,Canada.
The Calgary area was inhabited by pre-Clovis people whose presence has been traced back at least 11,000 years. The area has been inhabited by the Niitsitapi (Blackfoot Confederacy; Siksika, Kainai, Piikani), îyârhe Nakoda, the Tsuut'ina First Nations peoples and Métis Nation, . As Mayor Naheed Nenshi describes, "There have always been people here. In Biblical times there were people here. For generations beyond number, people have come here to this land, drawn here by the water. They come here to hunt and fish; to trade; to live; to love; to have great victories; to taste bitter disappointment; but above all to engage in that very human act of building community."
In 1787, cartographer David Thompson spent the winter with a band of Peigan encamped along the Bow River. He was a Hudson's Bay Company trader and the first recorded European to visit the area. John Glenn was the first documented European settler in the Calgary area, in 1873.
In 1875, the North-West Mounted Police erected Fort Calgary in an effort to police the area.
In 1875, the site became a post of the North-West Mounted Police (now the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or RCMP). The NWMP detachment was assigned to protect the western plains from US whisky traders, and to protect the fur trade. Originally named Fort Brisebois, after NWMP officer Éphrem-A. Brisebois, it was renamed Fort Calgary in 1876 by Colonel James Macleod.
When the Canadian Pacific Railway reached the area in 1883, and a rail station was constructed, Calgary began to grow into an important commercial and agricultural centre. Over a century later, the Canadian Pacific Railway headquarters moved to Calgary from Montreal in 1996. Calgary was officially incorporated as a town in 1884, and elected its first mayor, George Murdoch. In 1894, it was incorporated as "The City of Calgary" in what was then the North-West Territories.The Calgary Police Service was established in 1885 and assumed municipal, local duties from the NWMP.
In 1914, just before the outbreak of the First World War, huge reserves of oil were discovered just outside of town.
Calgary was named after Calgary on the Isle of Mull, Scotland, United Kingdom. In turn, the name originates from a compound of kald and gart, similar Old Norse words, meaning "cold" and "garden", likely used when named by the Vikings who inhabited the Inner Hebrides. Alternatively, the name might be Gaelic Cala ghearraidh, meaning "beach of the meadow (pasture)", or Gaelic for either "clear running water" or "bay farm".
The city had a population of 1,285,711 in 2019, making it Alberta's largest city and Canada's third-largest municipality. Also in 2016, Calgary had a metropolitan population of 1,392,609, making it the fourth-largest census metropolitan area(CMA) in Canada.
Naheed Nenshi, a Muslim and 39 years old, was the first Muslim to become a mayor in Canada, garnering 28,000 votes more than his closest competitor.
Calgary receives an average of 2600 hours of sun per year. This makes it the sunniest city in Canada. If you do not like the cold, perhaps you need to shift countries/cities and live in Calgary.
Calgary is a mountain-high city, and the climate - directly related to the altitude - is dry. Temperatures are mild, especially when compared to most of Canada, and even when it’s cold, it’s usually sunny.
The warm wind of Calgary (Chinook) can raise the temperatures from a low of 5 degrees centigrade to highs of 15 degrees centigrade in a matter of hours.
Year around there is something exciting happing in the city. One of the most famous events is The Calgary Stampede, held every year for 10 days, is the largest outdoor event in the world. It features First Nations Exhibits, world’s largest rodeo, concerts, stage shows, a midway, chuck wagon racing, agricultural competitions and a parade. The event attracts over 1 million attendees.
In the city there are numerous things to see and do here are some of them:
. Calgary Zoo
. Heritage park
. Calgary tower
. Canada olympic park
. Prince’s Island park
. Fish creek provincial park
. The hangar flight museum
. Fort calgary
. The military museum
. Spruce meadows
. Devonian gardens
And many more...
If you choose to go out of the city Banff national park is just an hour drive from the city and on the way you can stop at many beautiful lakes.You can also take the Rocky Mountains railroad for a stunning site seeing.
Calgary is beautiful with its people, vibes and heart. If you’ve never been to the city, you should plan a trip soon you will never regret it.
You may notice that someone has a red flower pinned on their clothes and you may notice that there are tables for fundraising or distribution of flowers here and there
What's going on?
November 11 is a federal public holiday in Canada with the exception of some provinces, it is called Memorial Day or Armistice Day, where armies ceased to fight in World War I on November 11 at 11 am in 1918.
About 100,000 Canadian soldiers were killed in World War I and II.
The Canadian flag is hoisted on government buildings that day and people stand two minutes silently for the lives of soldiers who died in the war.
Red poppy has long been associated with fighting armies in Europe and flowers often covered mass graves that the battles left during World War I have immortalized Canadian poet and soldier John McRae poppy with a well-known poem.
“In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row… ”
In the days before the first commemoration, a US war secretary sold poppy flowers to friends to raise money for veterans.
Since then, a fundraising campaign, known as Poppy Appeal, has been held every year.
1921 was the year the British Royal Corps was founded.
The Canadian Legion, formed in 1925, continued this association.
Poppy was placed on the left lapel near the heart to acknowledge the wartime sacrifice of soldiers.
Donations from the sale of flowers were collected to give to the warriors to the injured and now the proceeds of the donations go to fund the needs of the veterans.
Poppy remains a permanent symbol to perpetuate the sacrifice of those who sacrificed their lives to their homelands.
You can stop wondering now and maybe put a red flower on your clothes, too.
As the weather gets colder, people tend to prepare food and beverages that provide the body with energy and warmth. One of the famous drinks in the Middle East is Sahlab. Sahlab is a perennial plant of orchids and is a decorative plant that grows in the beginning of summer.
It is spread in mountainous forest areas and is characterized by beautiful white flowers or violet tones. The flowers may have a scent spreading in the evening.
Sahlab plant grows 60 cm high. It’s skinny leaves often carry some black spots.
Sahlab has rectangular or oval tubers in light brown color from the outside and creamy yellowish inside. Tubers contain about 50% glue and gels and on protein and time materials about 30% starch, dextrin, sucrose, salts and volatile oils.
The most famous countries where the orchid plant grows Turkey and Morocco, Greece, Iran, Cyprus and Afghanistan.
Orchid syrup ( Sahlab) is made from the roots and tubers of the orchid plant.
Each plant contains two tubers: one main and one smaller sub.
The subtitle is picked in an oval or branched shape.
Wash thoroughly with water and then submerge boiled milk or boiling water for a short period of time, this is to remove the bitter taste from them and to reduce the loss of water-soluble nutrients. As well as to stop the action of enzymes in them.
Leave the tubers to dry alone or dry in the oven. Then store whole or ground.
Uses of Orchid:
Orchid is used to make a popular drink in winter or to make Turkish ice cream.
Orchid is used in traditional medicine in Iran, for example, it is used to treat fever, cough, diarrhea and digestive disorders.
In the Indian subcontinent, it is used as a sexually stimulating nutrient.
* Sahlab contains antioxidants suitable for the treatment of liver diseases.
* Sahlab strengthens sexual performance
* Sahlab calms the digestive system because it contains a substance similar to mucus have this effect.
* Used as astringent to treat diarrhea.
* Helps stop stomach bleeding caused by ulcers of the stomach, duodenum and intestines.
* Used in cases of dysentery.
* Scientific research says it benefits swindlers TB (tuberculosis)
* Helps speed their recovery and you get pulmonary tubers.
How to prepare Sahlab drink:
The methods of preparing an orchid drink vary by culture.
Here's one way:
* Four cups of liquid milk.
* Teaspoon of orchid powder.
* Three teaspoons of sugar
* Teaspoon blossom water (optional)
* Cinnamon for decoration
Mix the sugar with 3 milk and put on low heat with constant stirring.
Melt a spoon orchid in the remaining milk cup
Then add to the pot and continue stirring until the mixture intensifies and becomes homogeneous
Add blossom water to the mixture
Pour the orchid into cups, garnish with cinnamon and serve hot.
Orchid powder can be obtained from grocery stores in Arab countries. In Canada Sahlab powder can be obtained from Arab and Turkish shops.
We wish you a warm and délit full winter.
I was 19 years old when my mother was diagnosed with Breast cancer. Her fight with cancer was a journey of faith and hope. It was a very hard journey on all of us; attempting to describe what we felt and lived is impossible.
Seven years later, she passed away. Cancer was much stronger than her will; weakening her month after month and day after day.
Today after so many years, having been married and kids of my own, I do make sure that I do every test and every screening doctors request, and follow every procedure to ensure I’m doing well.
Not just for me, but also for those I love.
Spreading awareness about cancer, helping people to know more and do more for themselves and for others is very important; not everyone understands fully the risks, and not everyone has access to information about cancer.
In October 1985, National Breast Cancer Awareness Month (NBCAM) was founded as a partnership between the American Cancer Society and the pharmaceutical division of Imperial Chemical Industries (now part of AstraZeneca, producer of several anti-breast cancer drugs). The aim of the NBCAM from the start has been to promote mammography as the most effective weapon in the fight against breast cancer.
Breast Cancer Awareness Month (BCAM), also referred to in America as National Breast Cancer Awareness Month (NBCAM), is an annual international health campaign organized by major breast cancer charities every October to increase awareness of the disease and to raise funds for research into its cause, prevention, diagnosis, treatment and cure. The campaign also offers information and support to those affected by breast cancer.
Breast cancer awareness month is a yearly campaign whose intent on educating people about the importance of early screening, tests and more. This campaign starts on October 1 and ends on October 31 every year.
A variety of events around the world are organized in October, including walks and runs, and the pink illumination of landmark buildings.
The pink ribbon is an international symbol of breast cancer awareness. Pink ribbons, and the color pink in general, identify the wearer or promoter with the breast cancer brand and express moral support for women with breast cancer. Pink ribbons are most commonly seen during National Breast Cancer Awareness Month.
The pink ribbon represents fear of breast cancer, hope for the future, and the charitable goodness of people and businesses who publicly support the breast cancer movement. It is intended to evoke solidarity with women who currently have breast cancer.
Breast cancer organizations use the pink ribbon to associate themselves with breast cancer, to promote breast cancer awareness, and to support fundraising.
Each October, many products are emblazoned with pink ribbons, colored pink, or otherwise sold with a promise of a small portion of the total cost being donated to support breast cancer awareness or research.
At the Canadian Cancer Society, October is about more than just raising awareness of breast cancer. It’s about joining a collective of Canadians who are proving that life is bigger than breast cancer. This collective helps fund the best breast cancer research, provides the largest cancer support system in the country, and advocates on behalf of all Canadians for important social change.
Let’s help each other and spread awareness today.
I’ll be posting some information every day during the month of October on my social media channels; Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and tumblr.
You are welcome to read and share the information.
Canadian Cancer Society. (https://www.cancer.ca)
Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (https://en.wikipedia.org/)
It took me quite some time to put all this information together. The stories are interesting and the culture is rich. So let’s begin!
When you hear “Dream Catcher” you feel you got to get one so you can catch all your dreams and keep them safe! But is that how the dream catchers work?
When you see a dream catcher you think, how beautiful! Should I get one?
But what are they? Do they catch dreams? How do they work?
Dream catchers are often believed to have originated from the Ojibwa Chippewa tribe in particular.
The Ojibwe, Ojibwa, Chippewa, or Saulteaux are an Anishinaabe people of Canada and the United States. They are one of the most numerous indigenous peoples north of the Rio Grande. In Canada, they are the second-largest First Nations population, surpassed only by the Cree.
The Ojibwe word for dream catcher “asabikeshiinh” actually means “spider,” referring to the web woven to loosely cover the hoop.
“It is believed that dream catchers originated with Asibaikaashi who was known as the Spider Woman. She was a custodian of all the infants and the adults. It became a difficult task for her to take enough care of all the Ojibwe people as they started spreading geographically even to the hooks and crannies of North America.
The women were in charge of weaving the magical webs for the infants. The women made this possible by using willow hoops and sinew to weave the webs. The children were provided with charms as a medium of protection. These charms were idealized to catch any sort of harm that might be present around that place or time.”
Lakota story tells of how Iktomi (spider) came and spoke to an old Lakota spiritual leader who was on a high mountain and had a vision. In his vision, Iktomi, the great trickster and searcher of wisdom, appeared in the form of a spider. Iktomi spoke to him in a sacred language. As he spoke, Iktomi the spider picked up the elder's willow hoop which had feathers, horsehair, beads and offerings on it, and began to spin a web. He spoke to the elder about the cycles of life, how we begin our lives as infants, move on through childhood and on to adulthood. Finally we go to old age where we must be taken care of as infants, completing the cycle.
But Iktomi said as he continued to spin his web, “in each time of life there are many forces, some good and some bad. If you listen to the good forces, they will steer you in the right direction. But, if you listen to the bad forces, they'll steer you in the wrong direction and may hurt you. So these forces can help, or can interfere with the harmony of Nature.” While the spider spoke, he continued to weave his web.
When Iktomi finished speaking, he gave the elder the web and said, The web is a perfect circle with a hole in the center. Use the web to help your people reach their goals, making good use of their ideas, dreams and visions. If you believe in the Great Spirit, the web will filter your good ideas and the bad ones will be trapped and will not pass.
Siberian shamans who lived in Russia also made dream catchers, but no child’s amulet were they: rather, they were a magic tool wielded by the shaman. The shaman hung a dream catcher over his headboard, and the dream catcher helped the shaman to control his dreams: prevent evil spirits who send nightmares from entering them, and also help him see the future in the dreams, give him hints about what to do in difficult situations, talk with good spirits and ask them for advice about important decisions. The shaman’s dreamcatcher wasn’t just there to ensure sweet dreams – it was a guide to the spirit world, a portal to secret knowledge, to wisdom on how to separate truth from lies.
Evil spirits and negative energy entangled in the talisman's web would be vanquished by the rays of the sun, which is why the dreamcatcher was hung where it was sunny in the afternoon. A string with feathers and beads hanging from an amulet served as a conductor of knowledge from the “antenna” to the shaman himself. Prophetic dreams would slide over the soft feathers to the sleeper, bringing him long-awaited answers to questions.
The Indians believed that bad dreams would be ensnared in the web, while good dreams would slip through the hole in the center, and from there be channeled into the sleeper.
“This charm was made of threads and deer tendons which were attached to a willow branch bent into a circle; several feathers were likely also attached, as well as beads made of wood, bone and stone. The dream catcher would be hung over the sleeper, close to his head. And it fostered not only good, but also prophetic dreams, protecting him from negative magic. Dark, evil dreams were dissipated, entangled in the web, while good, important knowledge freely fell upon the person.”
“When morning comes and the dream catcher is exposed to light, the bad dreams dissolve and disappear. They cannot survive in daylight. As the person wakes up he or she feels refreshed after a pleasant and peaceful sleep.”
The shape of the dream catcher is a circle because it represents the circle of life and how forces like the sun and moon travel each day and night across the sky.
There is some contention when it comes to the meaning of the beads that often decorate the dream catcher. According to some American Indians, the beads symbolize the spider—the web weaver itself. Others believe the beads symbolize the good dreams that could not pass through the web, immortalized in the form of sacred charms.
Sandra Laframboise has also interesting information:
“All the parts of the dream catcher has meaning.
To begin, the web represent the spider our brother of life forever repairing the eternal web of life. Thus weaving your life dreams and energy in the universe when you dream.
The ring represents the earth mother and the humble walk we do upon her. The ring was also covered with multi-colored wool representing in my mind and spirit aspects of your personality, moods and emotions. The beads on the web are of the 7 directions thus calling upon them to bless you.
As we believe that we are related to all things and that all things are part of us then the Dream Catcher and medicine wheel is a representation of such sacred belief."
Dream catchers were adopted in the Pan-Indian Movement of the 1960s and 1970s and gained popularity as a widely marketed “Native crafts items” in the 1980s, and many Native Americans still consider the dream catcher to be a symbol of unity and identification among the many Indian Nations and First Nations cultures.
Nowadays, dream catchers are made from different materials, has different colours and are often used for decoration. Whether you have received, or bought, a dream catcher for decorative or other purposes, you have certainly purchased an exquisite piece that carries deep meanings and tells the story of a great people.
I wish this information answered some of your questions. I greatly appreciate the First Nation culture and I’ll do my best to continue to create pieces that reflect this beautiful and rich culture.